is Ancient Greek for “entire Earth”.Is the name given to the last ,
global supercontinent ,which existed 250 million years ago.
The PANGAEA project,which envisages sailing around world in
4 years ,is the brainchild of Mike Horn- researcher ,extreme adventurer,idealist,visionary-a man who is renowned for his daring
expeditions.Based on the central theme “explore,learn,act”,he initiates social and environmental project around globe together with young explorers from all over the world.During the expedition ,the young explorers get to know our planet’s ecosystem and play an active part in helping to preserve our natural world.They become ambassadors ,taking the idea of environmental protection back to their homelands,
where they then initiate their own projects.
Like the expedition itself ,Mike Horn’s vessel PANGAEA,is also named after the last of global supercontinent .Measuring 35 meters
in length it is one of the world’s largest and most versatile expedition
sailboat .Even when the boat was being built,preservation of the
environment was a top priority ,the hull is made from recyclable
aluminium and totally dispenses with the use of marine paint.
Both the integrated waste-recycling system and the on-board generators meet strict ecological requirements .Flexible solar cells in
the sails and on the deck provide the necessary power ,for example.
The PANGAEA expedition covers every continent ,every climate zone and every ocean on our planet.At twelve stations around the globe,
Mike Horn and young explorers initiate ecological and social project such as global warming ,waste disposal and biodiversity ,accompanied all the while by teachers,universities and international organizations.
The mission begins .18 October 2008
Argentina,Ushuaia ,Capitol of the Tierra del Fuego province and for decades the point of departure for Antarctic expedition -was the starting point for another pioneering venture in 2088.
The project is cooled Pangaea .For our” entire earth”. For our planet.For our future.
Observing dolphins and their behavior ,monitoring of the water temperature in the fiords ,identification of flora and fauna, and study of ancient human cultures .With the assistance of marine biologist.
Insight into local,exploration of coastline and coral reefs of the island of Borneo ,recording the island ‘reff data,inside into in the underwater world as well as the lives of the turtle and orang -utan population
The day started at 5.00am for us. We were subjected to the usual Egyptian malaise, as our pilot only arrived forty minutes late. Although forty minutes was a good result in the context of typical Egyptian lethargy. The early morning temperature was 15 degrees, which is something we are are not all used to after having spent a long period in warmer climes. As soon as Pangaea had entered back into the canal, I was hoisted up to the top of the main mast. At 36 meters above deck you certainly see a lot more and the panoramic perspective of having land closely on either side of the boat is indeed a unique perspective. There was a continual haze above the water due to the temperature inversion, and in fact the rest of the crew on deck were comparatively speaking a lot colder than I was up there. There are some interesting photos which I hope will bring my viewers some perspective of the Suez Canal amongst the desert topography and the passing giant ships.
We arrived at 10.30am at Port Said, and once again this could be an extreme test of our patience as we are subject to a long wait at the hands of Egyptian authorities….Now we going to Italy with quick stopover in Greece .
After a half way in Suez Canal we are enjoying our Shisha and a local beer Sakara ,tomorrow part two of our trip thru to the Suez Canal
Our morning began with a fair amount of frustration as we were promised an early departure at 9.30am from the marina in Port Suez. We were forced to sit on the deck of Pangaea and soak up the morning sun as we not only had to await the arrival of a pilot to direct us, we had to contend with a long list of Egyptian officials who continually tried to extract more money out of us. We finally left at 1.00pm and for the first part of our journey up the Suez we sailed closely on the opposite side of a convoy of no less than 25 ships. I managed to hoist myself above the spreader bar on the main mast, where I took these photos of the canal and the landscape on either side and some spectacular views of the passing ships. We are forced to make the journey through to Port Said in two days and will thus be anchoring at the halfway point of El Isma’iliya
The Suez Canal, also known as “The Highway to India”, is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows transportation by water between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfiq at the city of Suez. Ismailia lies on its west bank, 3 km (1.9 mi) near the half-way point.
When first built, the canal was 164 km (102 mi) long and 8 m (26 ft) deep. After multiple enlargements, the canal is 193.30 km (120.11 mi) long, 24 m (79 ft) deep and 205 metres (673 ft) wide as of 2010.It consists of the northern access channel of 22 km/14 mi, the canal itself of 162.25 km/100.82 mi and the southern access channel of 9 km/5.6 mi.
The canal is single lane with passing places in the “Ballah By-Pass” and the Great Bitter Lake.It contains no locks; seawater flows freely through the canal. In general, the canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in winter and south in summer. The current south of the lakes changes with the tide at Suez.
The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority of Egypt. Under international treaty, it may be used “in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag.”
A Shisha (hukkā or huqqah) also known as a waterpipe, arghile, or qalyān is a single or multi-stemmed instrument for smoking flavored tobacco called Mu‘assel in which the smoke is passed through a water basin (often glass based) before inhalation. The origin of the hookah is in India and Persia, or at a transition point between the two. The word hookah is a derivative of “huqqa”, which is what the Indians used to call it. According to author Cyril Elgood , who does not mention his source, it was Abul-Fath Gilani , a Persian physician at the Indian court of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who “first passed the smoke of tobacco through a small bowl of water to purify and cool the smoke and thus invented the hubble-bubble or hookah. Nevertheless, a quatrain of Ahli Shirazi refers to the use of the ḡalyān in Safavid Iran. Smoking the hookah has gained popularity outside of its native region, in India, Iran, Pakistan and the Middle East, and is gaining popularity in North America, South America, Europe, Australia,Tanzania and South Africa.